The presence of the pinewood ecosystem, which cloaks in a nearly continuous manner the Tuscan coastal landscape between the area of the Apuan Alps and the promontory of Argentario, gives these areas a specific character and identity, evident also when there is the presence of urban structures among the various species of plant life.
The construction on the dune area covered by coastal pinewood near Marina di Castagneto derives from an urban plan elaborated by Giancarlo De Carlo¹ in the fifties which, clearly based on the topography, preserved unaltered the trunks of marine and domestic pines . Within the trajectory system designed as a lattice-work between the trees, predominantly holiday homes of one or two floors, were informally arranged as a collection of objects with a heterogeneous formal character. De Carlo’s project heralded an environment domesticated but the hand of man without overwhelming a certain ruggedness of coastal life and atmosphere, clearly in debt to the experience of marine construction that has drawn on the Italian cultural tradition, while at the same time being extremely refined, because of deliberate selectivity in the introduction of the comforts of the urban residence.
The vision proposed by De Carlo is, however, was pursued in only some construction projects within the pine forest by refined and well-trained professionals who worked in the fifties and early sixties, mainly from the Florentine, Milanese and Turin schools. The style of architecture is now characterized by horizontal planes of an organic-modernist flavour, consisting entirely of the spatial display of plastic configurations, often faced with stone or constructed of exposed concrete, treated as an abstract stone element suitable for organic integration into the “pinetato” environment.